Cochin once again became the venue for the final encounter. The seas and backwaters are swarmed with warships.
It was decided on 25 October 1662 that 11 warships were to be sent to Malabar from Batavia under the commandership of Jacob Hutsart and Peter du Reedu. The first batch of the fleet, reaching Pallipuram, started lining up cannons.
The Coast of Cochin
More troops arrived from Ceylon under the captainship of Van Goens to help the Dutch force which later moved to Vaipin islands. The Raja of Purakkad, in the meanwhile, came over with Nair soldiers to help the Portuguese. As war broke out between the forces of the Dutch and the Portuguese the people of Cochin were affrighted facing a state where anything goes at any time. There was great loss of life on both sides, especially among the Portuguese. Don Bernado, the son-in-law of Ignatious Darmentavi, the Portuguese governor lost his life. The Dutch commander of forces Major Dupen too was wounded. The Dutch troops that stormed into the fortress started to sow destruction. The atmosphere was rented with the wailing of women and children, the weeping of the wounded and the hysterical laughter of the troops and the bursts of gun fire. In the meantime the Portuguese themselves came forward with message of cease fire. Van Goens ordered immediate cease fire.
View of the fort of Cochin, Kerala
Next day bereaved of the death of his son in the war, Ignatio Sarmento, the Portuguese governor came out of the fort wearing a black cloak. He was escorted by Portuguese soldiers and he handed over the keys of the fort to the commander of Dutch forces. And thus having signed agreements between the Dutch and the Portuguese on 6 January 1663, the fort of Cochin came under their control. Along with it, the Portuguese who were holed up inside the fort went aboard ships and getting off Goa after surrendering their arms to the victor.
The Dutch entered to Cochin Fort
Kerala Varma’s disease during his sojourn at Quilon became worsened. But as it was the time of coronation, he could not be held back and hence some officials brought him aboard using a menavu ‘Menavu’ is a sort of palanquin used for the movement of a king or queen in public.
. Before reaching Cochin he had his terrestrial exit along with his dreams of throne and crown. The Dutch saw another Kerala Verma travelling along with him in the ship belonging to the branch of Elder Matriarchy of royalty, as the heir of the throne and he was brought to Cochin. As Cochin was within the possession of the Dutch, the Zamorin raised claims for Cranganore and it was handed over to him in accordance with the prior decision. The Dutch chiefs also took steps for sending emissaries to Purakkad and troops for capturing the fort of Cannannore from the Portuguese under the leadership of Jacob Hutstaart. Then there took place the coronation ceremony of the king for which purpose a gold crown marked with the emblem of the Dutch East India Company and a pedestal were made. On the day of coronation, the Dutch came over the venue with festivity.
The Coast of Cochin
It was Van Goens himself who placed on the head of the king -designate the crown after having him seated on the pedestal. Then the atmosphere was rented with the bursts of fire from gun salutes and hurraying. After the coronation, the King of Cochin escorted by his entourage signed agreements with the Dutch. The preamble of the agreement reads 'Admiral Riclaff Van Goens deputed by the governor general of Batavia and the King of Cochin, Veera Kerala Swaroopam of Elder branch of royal Matriarchy and his descendants sign over the abiding Agreement'.
The agreement having 17 articles helped the Dutch to control the rule of Cochin and extending their sway in different parts of Kerala. And thus the Dutch who came from Europe is going to be the paramount power of Kerala pushing back the Portuguese.