What was expected took place. The fleet of the English East India Company came over Kozhikode taking by surprise the Portuguese and the Dutch. With the permission given to the English East India Company to erect a fortress in Surat by the Mughal emperor Jahangir in the beginning of 1613, the British had their lucky stars rose in the horizons of India. During the period the Dutch established factories in different parts of India. Even though the Portuguese and the Dutch pined simultaneously that the British should not land in Kerala, a fleet reached at Kozhikode under the leadership of Captain Keeling.